National News

Latest Health News and Medical News posted throughout the day, every day.


Children with sensory processing disorders and autism have measureable brain differences

1 August 2014 | 8:00 am

Researchers at UC San Francisco have found that children with sensory processing disorders have decreased structural brain connections in specific sensory regions different than those in autism...

Adaptive behavior important in inherited intellectual disability syndrome

1 August 2014 | 7:00 am

Standard scores measuring "adaptive behavior" in boys with fragile X syndrome tend to decline during childhood and adolescence, the largest longitudinal study of the inherited disorder to date has...

The autistic brain found to be less flexible at taking on tasks

31 July 2014 | 7:00 am

The brains of children with autism are relatively inflexible at switching from rest to task performance, according to a new brain-imaging study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Little-known supportive cells, astrocytes, essential for memory

31 July 2014 | 7:00 am

When you're expecting something - like the meal you've ordered at a restaurant - or when something captures your interest, unique electrical rhythms sweep through your brain.

Peers with strong language skills help preschoolers with special needs

30 July 2014 | 8:00 am

The guiding philosophy for educating children with disabilities has been to integrate them as much as possible into a normal classroom environment, with the hope that peers' skills will help bring...

Research suggests early warning sign for babies at risk of autism

29 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Some babies are at risk for autism because they have an older sibling that has the disorder.

Protein once seen as a promising anti-cancer compound helps to stabilize neural circuits

28 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Researchers at UC San Francisco (UCSF) have discovered that endostatin, a protein that once aroused intense interest as a possible cancer treatment, plays a key role in the stable functioning of the...

Deleting enzyme favorably impacts behaviors associated with Fragile X syndrome

26 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a genetic disorder that causes obsessive-compulsive and repetitive behaviors, and other behaviors on the autistic spectrum, as well as cognitive deficits.

Peer-led intervention helps mothers of children with autism

24 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Peer-led interventions that target parental well-being can significantly reduce stress, depression and anxiety in mothers of children with disabilities, according to new findings released in the...

First diagnostic criteria for Christianson syndrome

23 July 2014 | 8:00 am

A new study provides the most definitive characterization of the autism-like intellectual disability disorder Christianson syndrome and provides the first diagnostic criteria to help doctors and...

Two-way interaction between neurons and astrocytes plays an important role in the processes of learning and memory

22 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Throughout our lives, our brains adapt to what we learn and memorise. The brain is indeed made up of complex networks of neurons and synapses that are constantly re-configured.

Autism risk is 'mostly genetic,' according to statistical analysis

21 July 2014 | 3:00 pm

The largest ever study into the heritability of autism finds that nearly 60% of autism risk is genetic. Also, these genes are mostly common among the general population.

Autism 'passport' launched to help hospital staff working with disabled patients

21 July 2014 | 9:00 am

An innovative free resource to assist hospital staff working with patients with autism is being launched by Baroness Angela Browning and the National Autistic Society (NAS), the UK's leading...

Neuroscientists suggest link between defects in fatty acid transport proteins and schizophrenia, autism

17 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Using diverse methodologies, neuroscientists from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute report that defects in Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (FABPs) may help to explain the pathology in some cases of...

Dysfunctional synapses can lead to autism, epilepsy, substance abuse and depression.

15 July 2014 | 8:00 am

In the brains of all vertebrates, information is transmitted through synapses, a mechanism that allows an electric or chemical signal to be passed from one brain cell to another.

The generation and survival of neurons prevented by a 'switch' in the brains of Alzheimer's and stroke patients

7 July 2014 | 8:00 am

A new study by researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (Sanford-Burnham) has identified a chemical "switch" that controls both the generation of new neurons from neural stem cells...

Genetic link to autism discovered that affects half of 1 percent of autism patients but could lead to more genetic testing

7 July 2014 | 7:00 am

In a collaboration involving 13 institutions around the world, researchers have broken new ground in understanding what causes autism.

Brain cell development affected by schizophrenia-associated gene variation

7 July 2014 | 7:00 am

Johns Hopkins researchers have begun to connect the dots between a schizophrenia-linked genetic variation and its effect on the developing brain.

Some brain cells appear to make judgments based on a viewer's subjective opinions instead of true emotion expressed

3 July 2014 | 7:00 am

When evaluating another person's emotions - happy, sad, angry, afraid - humans take cues from facial expressions.

Randomized pediatric autism clinical trial conducted entirely online

2 July 2014 | 8:00 am

UC San Francisco researchers have completed the first Internet-based clinical trial for children with autism, establishing it as a viable and cost effective method of conducting high-quality and...

Autism and driving: first study asks autistic adults about real-world driving experiences

30 June 2014 | 8:00 am

In the first pilot study asking adults on the autism spectrum about their experiences with driving, researchers at Drexel University found significant differences in self-reported driving behaviors...

Promising results from clinical trial of Rett syndrome drug

25 June 2014 | 8:00 am

Rett syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that causes mental retardation, autism, and physical deformities, has no cure.

Adults with Asperger's syndrome 'at higher risk of suicidal thoughts'

25 June 2014 | 7:00 am

Adults with Asperger's syndrome - a form of autism - are much more likely to experience suicidal thoughts than the general population, according to new research.

Researchers discover how neurons equalize between excitation and inhibition

24 June 2014 | 8:00 am

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a fundamental mechanism by which the brain maintains its internal balance.

Offspring autism risk linked to pesticide exposure during pregnancy

23 June 2014 | 3:00 pm

A new study by researchers from UC-Davis finds that the closer a woman lives to pesticide sites during pregnancy, the higher the risk of having a child with autism.